How Do I Insulate A Flat Roof ?

Insulating a flat roof is a task that must be done during construction. Retrofitting flat roof insulation is a difficult task and often a messy one that involves pulling up the waterproof layer that finishes off the deck so as to put flat roof insulation in underneath.

You will be unable to pass your building or extension through required regulations without flat roof insulation. Insulating a flat roof in the first instance is the best way to achieve a well-insulated, competent and good-looking structure.


What is a warm roof deck & a cold roof deck?

A warm roof deck is the most common and most preferred type of flat roof build up in the UK. A flat roof where the insulation sits below the waterproof membrane and above the structural deck is a warm roof deck. Cold flat roofs are typically avoided as you’d need to install ventilation, which can prove problematic for many reasons relating to space, labour costs, etc. Warm flat roofs do not need to be ventilated as the insulation is above the structure.


How do you insulate a flat roof?

Insulating a flat roof is relatively simple in terms of what materials you need, and the steps taken to complete the job.

  1. Lay 12mm of plywood or OSB board across the timber joists as a base for the flat roof build-up
  2. Install a vapour control layer to reduce the risk of condensation and moisture compromising the flat roof structure
  3. Mark out on the vapour control layer where fixings will pierce the membrane (at rafter centres and at the correct axial spacing)
  4. Place butyl tape at each point where the vapour control layer will be pierced so the tape forms a seal after penetration
  5. Often dictated by the height available thanks to guttering, upstands and other adornments, lay rigid insulation board to the desired thickness
  6. Install a second layer of plywood or OSB board
  7. Fix the deck together with helical fixings , piercing each layer of the buildup including the flat roof insulation
  8. Finally, install a waterproof membrane to finish off the deck and protect the build-up from wind and driven rain

What flat roof insulation should I use?

Using insulation board in a flat roofing insulation build-up is a widely accepted industry standard as it’s one of the best weight-bearing insulation types. Whether the flat roof being installed will be walked on or not, flat roof insulation board typically has a hard-faced surface and good compressive strength both for extra stability and extra adhesion for the waterproof membrane.

Insulating a flat roof with Kingspan Thermaroof

Kingspan has two somewhat similar flat roofing insulation products that come highly recommended from contractors and roofers alike. Kingspan Thermaroof TR26 and Kingspan Thermaroof TR27 are both high-performance PIR boards which are both approved for steel flat roof deck assemblies.

Thermaroof TR26 is designed for use with a mechanically fixed single-ply waterproofing membrane thanks to foil facings on both sides. It achieves a u-value of 0.022 and can be used in conjunction with green roof systems.

Thermaroof TR27 has glass tissue facings on either side of the flat roof insulation board which allow the product to offer u-values as low as 0.024. Excellent compressive strength and the coated glass tissue facings combine to make Thermaroof TR27 compatible with mechanically fixed single-ply waterproofing membranes and partially bonded built-up felt.

Flat roof insulation projects can be undertaken by capable DIYers looking to top out a garden building or small extension but we would recommend that if you’re not fully confident with the process as above that you consult or employ a professional to undertake the work. Flat roof insulation can easily create leaks, moisture and damp if not done properly.